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APRS Test CD  $2.00 

Test and calibration CD created by Stephen Smith, WA8LMF.

ReadMe File for TNC Test CD

The audio recordings on this disk are intended to be used to test and compare the performance of packet radio TNCs under various conditions.

This disk is a “CD-Plus” combination disk that contains CD-ROM data files (such as this readme file) viewable on a computer, and standard CD audio files playable on any normal home or car audio CD player or boombox. The audio files could also be played on an old CD-ROM drive standalone, without a computer, by connecting the TNC under test to the drive's front panel earphone jack, or to the 4-pin analog audio jack on the rear panel. (A CD-ROM drive normally doesn't need computer support to play audio CDs. A drive with a front panel volume control and track-select button is preferred.)

Playing back standard CD audio rather than CD-ROM .wav data files avoids the timing errors and incorrect playback sample rates that often accompany low-cost software-based (i.e. motherboard AC97) PC sound systems. Note that some recent PC CD-drives now extract audio digitally rather than using the digital-to-analog converters inside the CD drive for audio playback; i.e. there is no separate analog audio output and cable from the CD drive. In this case, take the audio directly from the front panel earphone jack of the drive rather than from the computer sound system.

The CD-ROM data area may be seen by some audio players as an un-playable first audio track. Use the hardware track select button on an audio player or computer CD-ROM drive’s front panel to jump to the second track (first audio track) if the disk doesn’t play automatically.

On a laptop CD drive that doesn’t have the hardware track select button, start the Windows CD Player (not Media Player !) to create a software control panel with track selects, play, stop, etc. Normally this is accessible from StartàProgramsàAccessoriesàEntertainmentàCD Player.

To aid in selecting the cuts on a CD-ROM drive that lacks a front-panel track-number indicator, voice annnouncements and cue tones have been added to the beginning and end of each track to audibly identify it.

Track 1 has a DTMF digit "1" at the beginning and a DTMF digit "6" at the end.

Track 2 has a DTMF digit "2" at the beginning and a DTMF digit "7" at the end.

Track 3 has a DTMF digit "3" at the beginning and a DTMF digit "8" at the end.

Track 4 has a DTMF digit "4" at the beginning and a DTMF digit "9" at the end.

Track 5 has a DTMF digit "5" at the beginning and a DTMF digit "0" at the end

The differing digit values could possibly be used with a DTMF decoder to automatically start or stop data acquisition devices.

Note that all these recordings are taken directly from the discriminator. Tracks 1, 3 and 4 are not de-emphasized. Track 2 is de-emphasized (see below). If you wish to characterize how various TNCs behave when connected to a radio's speaker output, you will have to insert an RC de-emphasis network between the CD player and the device under test.

A very useful APRS program for this kind of testing is KH2Z's APRS+SA a.k.a "APRSplus" because it keeps a running count of the number of times each station has been heard. Thus one can easily compare the number of successful decodes different TNCs produce. Both track 3 and track 4 are recordings exclusively of a single callsign (WA8LMF), making this comparison of number of decodes very simple.

Track 1 is an off-the-air recording of 40 minutes of activity in Los Angeles during the afternoon rush hour at about 5:00 PM when the 144.39 channel is totally saturated to several hundred percent of the Aloha threshold. This recording was taken from the non-de-emphasized direct discriminator output of a Yaesu FT-1500 via the 6-pin mini-din data connector. It contains a variety of over- and under- deviated signals, packet collisions, rapid-fire packets with practically no pause between them, raw NMEA string trackers, TinyTraks, clueless idiots using CW ID on packet, etc. All periods of dead air over about 1 second have been edited out so that 40 minutes of real-life activity have been compressed to 25 minutes on the CD.

This track is intended to be played back directly into TNCs to compare the performance of various TNCs “under fire” in the real world . The rapid pace of the packets should be a good test of the ability of buffers in TNCs and associated applications to hand a rapid flow of data without overrunning.

Track 2 is identical to Track 3 except that a precise 6db-per-octave/20db-per-decade de-emphasis between 300 and 3000 Hz has been applied to simulate the typical de-emphasis found at the volume control or speaker output of the typical land-mobile receiver. This can used to evaluate the relative performance of TNCs in handling raw non-deemphasized discriminator audio vs de-emphasized speaker audio. The effectiveness of jumper-selected equalization networks available inside some TNCs can also be tested. This track was created by applying the graphic equalizer filter in Adobe Audition set to simulate the standard EIA land-mobile radio de-emphasis curve. See the GIF image DeEmphEq.gif on this disk for a screen shot of the equalizer setting. Note that a roll-off was also applied below about 200 Hz to simulate the typical highpass filtering used to keep CTCSS ("PL") tones out of the speaker of mobile radios.

Track 3 is a recording of a Kenwood D700 transceiver making a Mic-E position report, taken from the wideband low-distortion discriminator output of an IFR1500 service monitor. The receiver was unsquelched and no de-emphasis was used. This recording of a single packet was then copied and pasted repeatedly in the Adobe Audition audio editor. The result is 20 bursts each minute, for 5 minutes, for a total of 100 absolutely identical packets.

This track is intended to be used to modulate the RF signal generator of a service monitor. Set the playback level so that the data bursts (not the white noise between them) deviate the generator about 3.5 KHz. While the recording is playing, gradually decrease the generator RF output level until the TNC starts failing to decode. Since the recording contains exactly 100 bursts, counting the number of successful decodes can directly indicate the percent success rate at various RF carrier levels. This track can also be used to compare the weak-signal data performance of various receivers by connecting the same TNC to difference radios.

Track 4 is an off-air recording of 25 minutes of a single mobile D700 beaconing every 12 seconds (maximum beacon rate) on a quiet channel (no other stations) while driving around the San Gabriel Valley area of Los Angeles. The signals were monitored in Pasadena, California. Most of the drive test course was 8-10 miles from the fixed station, far enough away from the monitoring fixed station to create some mobile flutter, multipath and loss of quieting. In several stretches, several successive packets are audible on the recording but failed to decode with the AGW packet engine. Again, this recording was taken from the non-de-emphasized direct discriminator output of a Yaesu FT-1500b via the 6-pin mini-din data connector. The route driven is shown on the map DriveTst.GIF in this directory. The map was produced with UIview32, Precision Mapping 7.1 and UI-HeightTrack.

This track is intended to be played back directly into TNCs under test. An APRS application running on a computer attached to the TNC should create a realistic moving object.

The three following tracks are for TNC alignment rather than testing. They are intended to evaluate tolerance to tone "skew" (unequal levels of the two tones)

Track 5 is a direct recording of one minute of a KPC3+ TNC in the CAL mode sending the alternating 1/0 test pattern (i.e. alternating between 1200 and 2200 Hz tones) with both tones at the same amplitude.

Track 6 is the same recording with a precise 6 dB/octave 20 dB/decade pre-emphasis applied as in Track 3 above.

Track 7 is the same recording with a mirror-image precise 6 dB/octave 20 dB/decade de-emphasis applied.

Screen shots of the Adobe Audition graphic equalizer settings, and the resulting waveforms are in GIF image format in the CD-ROM data area on this disk.

Stephen Smith WA8LMF 21 Oct 2006

For more information, please visit this products webpage.
This product was added to our catalog on Saturday 28 October, 2006.
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